Details of atrocities on Dalits in Gujarat despite the existence of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Act, 2015, its rules, and government resolutions:
- 20 Dalits killed every year in the state
- 45 Dalit women raped every year in the state
- 57 Dalits serious injured every year in the state every year
- 1,083 Dalit families face atrocity every year in the state
- Atrocity on Scheduled caste and tribes – Sensitive area – review
The Gujarat government’s home department, under resolution ATH/1080/GOI/109/2, dated 11/2/1981, declared the following district as sensitive areas because of high atrocities on Dalits:
- Ahmedabad (Rural)
- Rajkot (Rural)
- Vadodara (rural)
Details of atrocities committed – district/city wise:
Cases pending in courts under PoA Act at a glance:
- As many as 38.85% cases are pending for 3 to 9 years
- Between April 2015 and September 2015 (six month) 306 cases were registered.
- The conviction rate was 3.92%
The PoA Act, and its rules of 1995 state that the vigilance and monitoring committee meetings should be called every six months, and these should be headed by the chief minister. CM.
Yet, between 1/1/2001 and 13/6/2016, the chief minister called just six meetings to monitor the implementation of the PoA Act. There were held on:
- The last meeting was held on 6/23/09/2013.
Though the rules require two meetings to be held each year, no meetings took place in 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014 and 2015.
Details show that Gujarat state is way behind two neighbouring states, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan, in providing justice to Dalits.
In Madhya Pradesh, special police stations exist set up where Dalits and tribals could lodge FIRs under the PoA Act. The conviction rate in Madhya Pradesh is 29 per cent.
In Rajasthan, the conviction rate is 40 per cent, as can be seen in the following chart:
In Rajasthan, as many as 25 districts out of 33 have special courts which run anti-atrocity cases. A comparison of conviction rate between Rajasthan and Gujarat: